Derbyshire Police take DNA samples from 17 children every week, figures obtained by the Howard League for Penal Reform reveal today (20 May 2013).
New research by the charity has found that Derbyshire officers took swabs from 875 boys and girls aged 17 or under during 2011.
They included 32 primary school-age children – eight 10-year-olds and 24 11-year-olds.
Across England and Wales, police took swabs from almost 54,000 boys and girls aged 17 or under during 2011.
They included at least 368 10-year-olds and 1,030 11-year-olds, meaning that on average officers took samples from 27 primary school-age children every week.
Many of the children required to give a sample will not have been charged with a criminal offence.
Under current rules, police can retain indefinitely the DNA of anyone they arrest for a recordable offence. A new law, imposing tighter restrictions on DNA retention, is expected to come into force later this year.
In 2010, officers took almost 70,000 DNA samples from under-18s, including four from children who were younger than 10 – the age of criminal responsibility.
Thames Valley Police took samples from a seven-year-old and a two-year-old; Avon and Somerset Police took a sample from a five-year-old; and Gloucestershire Police took a sample from a baby who was younger than 12 months.
About 30 per cent of the child DNA samples taken by police come from girls.
Frances Crook, Chief Executive of the Howard League for Penal Reform, said: “When public money is tight and police forces are shrinking, it is disappointing to see valuable crime-fighting resources being wasted on taking DNA samples from thousands of innocent children while serious offences go undetected.
“Children who get into trouble with the police are usually just up to mischief. Treating so many like hardened criminals by taking their DNA seems excessive.
“We welcome the government’s decision to stop storing innocent people’s DNA indefinitely, but it remains unclear how this will affect the number of children having their DNA taken needlessly.”
Last December, the Howard League published data which showed that the total number of children arrested by police had fallen by a third between 2008 and 2011.
In total, more than one million child arrests have been made in England and Wales since 2008.
Total number of children who had DNA samples taken by Derbyshire Police