Ten tips for safer driving

THE top examiner for the Institute of Advanced Motorists has offered his top ten tips for safer driving.

He says that by following these simple rules drivers could avoid having to make rush decisions that could lead to accidents.

And her recommends drivers should take advanced lessons to improve their performance at the wheel.

His top tips are:

1. Read the road: the further ahead you look, the more time you have to recognise and respond to hazards. Always be able to stop your vehicle in the distance you can see to be clear.

2. Anticipate: having looked further ahead, use that knowledge to anticipate problems that arise and plan for them well in advance to avoid needing to take last minute action.

3. Use the two second rule: spot a marker ahead, such as a bridge or a lamppost and wait until the vehicle ahead of you goes past it. Then say to yourself “only a fool breaks the two second rule”. If you are at the marker before you have finished, you are too close. Double it if the road is wet.

4. Concentrate: at 70 mph your stopping distance is the length of a football pitch. Looking away at a crucial moment could be fatal.

5. Assume the worst: never assume that another motorist has seen you or will react as you expect – and don’t rely on somebody else’s reactions to keep you safe.

6. Look behind – and to the side: use mirrors regularly so you have a 360 degree knowledge of what’s going on around you. Use shoulder checks before you move out to solve blind spot problems.

7. Manage your personal space: if you keep space around your vehicle, you’ll have more time and room to deal with hazards.

8. Stay fresh: driver fatigue is a major factor in many crashes. Take at least a 15 minute break after two hours at the wheel.

9. No sudden movements: if you have scanned all around you and used that information to predict what may happen, you should never be surprised by another vehicle’s movements.

10. Learn from your mistakes: near misses happen to everybody. Afterwards, think how you could have avoided getting into that situation, even if you think it was the other driver’s fault.

Rodger said: “Following these tips could make the difference between being in an accident or avoiding it. All drivers should think about taking further driving training to improve their performance behind the wheel and save money on running and maintenance costs.”